What happens in a work environment when people feel like they can’t be themselves and can’t tell the truth? What happens when, on the other hand, people feel comfortable freely speaking their minds?
In 1974, German political scientist Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann named the phenomenon of not speaking up, the Spiral of Silence. She states that people, fearing rejection or negative consequences, tend to withhold views and opinions that differ from the majority. She states that the effects of remaining silent can cause the minority can become increasingly disenfranchised.